Building dynamic cartographies for efficiently dispatching help to disaster zones: a data centric perspective
dr. Genoveva Vargas-Solar
French Council of Scientific Research
Abstract. In the era of social networks and instantaneous communication data are shared and exchanged by civilians for actively acting and delivering help on the presence of events, for instance, disasters, and at the same time that the act they enrich and generate new data. It is required to consolidate past and present, and that consolidated information can let make decisions and act individually and collectively. Data consolidation and analytics must solve semantic heterogeneity between postmortem and continuous data from different sources, described and modelled with respect to different references.
Data centric disaster management can be motivated by a behaviour of civil society in the presence of disasters that we witnessed in Mexico in the earthquake of September 2017, when society took on the organization of the aid, organized help and acted marginally to the actions of official institutions like civil protection or firemen. The phenomenon of organization of civilians under horizontal and marginal groups has come up in other countries in Latin America during rivers flooding in Uruguay and Argentina and during annual landslides in diverse regions of Brazil.
This talk will address data exploitation challenges (access, meta-description, visualization) of data collected from social networks about disasters. The talk will also focus on the aspects to consider when data must be integrated with physical and geographic data for creating dynamic and evolutive cartographies that can support and allow the historical registry of spontaneous disaster management actions guided by civil society.
About the speaker. dr. Genoveva Vargas-Solar is senior scientist of the French Council of Scientific Research (CNRS) and she is member of the HADAS group of the Informatics Laboratory of Grenoble, France. Since 2008, she is deputy director the Franco-Mexican Laboratory of Informatics and Automatic Control (LAFMIA) an international research unit established at CINVESTAV. She is regular member of the Mexican Academia of Computing.
Her research interests in Computer Science concern distributed and heterogeneous databases, reflexive systems and service based database systems. Particularly, she contributes to the construction of service based database management systems. The objective is to design data management services guided by Service Level Agreements (SLA) to provide methodologies, algorithms and tools for integrating, deploying and executing a service oriented data management functions. Quality of service criteria and behaviour properties included in SLA are adapted to applications requirements (e.g., transactional execution, reliability, fault tolerance, evolution and dynamic adaptability). She conducts fundamental and applied research activities for addressing these challenges on different architectures ARM, raspberry, cluster, cloud, and HPC. She has applied her results to e-Science applications in Astronomy, Biology, social sciences, industry 4.0.
Her research interests in Literature concern middle age Literature, myths’ critics and myths’ analysis applied to different myths of origins. She has coordinated several research projects in Europe and Latin America financed by governments and industrial partners. She actively promotes the scientific cooperation in Computer Science between Latin America and Europe particularly between France and Mexico.
Date & Place
Thursday 28 February 2019, 15:30-17:00
Commissiekamer 4, Aula Conference Centre
TU Delft (map)